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Table of Contents
Vol. 82, No. 6, 2012
Issue release date: July 2012
Section title: Clinical Study
Oncology 2012;82:327–332
(DOI:10.1159/000337235)

Chemotherapy-Related Thrombocytosis: Does It Increase the Risk of Thromboembolism?

Ahmed S. · Shahid R.K. · Bhatt H. · Lee-Ying R. · Lim J.
aDepartment of Oncology, Saskatoon Cancer Center, and Departments of bCommunity Health and Epidemiology and cMedicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Sask., Canada

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Clinical Study

Received: 10/17/2011 11:05:25 AM
Accepted: 2/6/2012
Published online: 5/23/2012

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0030-2414 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0232 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/OCL

Abstract

Objectives: Chemotherapy increases the risk of thromboembolism in patients with cancer. Although thrombocytopenia is a known side effect of chemotherapy, reactive thrombocytosis related to chemotherapy is uncommonly reported. The present study aimed to determine the incidence of gemcitabine-related thrombocytosis and the associated risk of thromboembolism. Methods: Medical records of 250 consecutive patients with a malignant disease who received gemcitabine-based therapy were reviewed. A multivariate analysis was done to determine factors associated with thromboembolism. Results: A total of 220 eligible patients with a median age of 63 years (range 26–83) were identified. Of these 220 patients, 95% had advanced malignancy and 59% had received prior chemotherapy. A total of 69% of patients received a platinum combination. In all, 46% patients experienced thrombocytosis following chemotherapy, with a median platelet count of 632 × 109/l (range 457–1,385). Twenty-three of the 220 patients experienced a vascular event within 6 weeks of treatment. Eleven patients with thrombocytosis experienced a vascular event compared with 10 patients without thrombocytosis (not significant). On multivariate analysis, leukocytosis (odds ratio 5.8, 95% confidence interval 2.1–15.8) and comorbid illnesses (odds ratio 4.1, 95% confidence interval 1.4–12.6) were correlated with thromboembolism. Conclusions: Although gemcitabine-based therapy has been associated with an increased incidence of thrombocytosis, it does not increase the risk of thromboembolism in cancer patients. Leukocytosis and comorbid illnesses do increase the risk of thromboembolism.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Clinical Study

Received: 10/17/2011 11:05:25 AM
Accepted: 2/6/2012
Published online: 5/23/2012

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0030-2414 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0232 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/OCL


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Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

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    External Resources

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    External Resources